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Romans Chapter 1

1 Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called {as} an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God,

2 which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures,

3 concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,

4 who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,

5 through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about {the} obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name's sake,

6 among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;

7 to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called {as} saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world.

9 For God, whom I serve in my spirit in the {preaching of the} gospel of His Son, is my witness {as to} how unceasingly I make mention of you,

10 always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you.

11 For I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be established;

12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you {while} among you, each of us by the other's faith, both yours and mine.

13 I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles.

14 I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.

15 So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.

17 For in it {the} righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, "BUT THE RIGHTEOUS {man} SHALL LIVE BY FAITH."

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,

19 because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them.

20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.

21 For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

22 Professing to be wise, they became fools,

23 and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures.

24 Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them.

25 For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural,

27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper,

29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; {they are} gossips,

30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,

31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;

32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.

King James Bible



Matthew Henry's Bible commentary for Romans Chapter 1...

The scope or design of the apostle in writing to the Romans appears to have been, to answer the unbelieving, and to teach the believing Jew; to confirm the Christian and to convert the idolatrous Gentile; and to show the Gentile convert as equal with the Jewish, in respect of his religious condition, and his rank in the Divine favour. These several designs are brought into on view, by opposing or arguing with the infidel or unbelieving Jew, in favour of the Christian or believing Gentile. The way of a sinner's acceptance with God, or justification in his sight, merely by grace, through faith in the righteousness of Christ, without distinction of nations, is plainly stated. This doctrine is cleared from the objections raised by Judaizing Christians, who were for making terms of acceptance with God by a mixture of the law and the gospel, and for shutting out the Gentiles from any share in the blessings of salvation brought in by the Messiah. In the conclusion, holiness is further enforced by practical exhortations.The apostle's commission. (1-7) Prays for the saints at Rome, and expresses his desire to see them. (8-15) The gospel way of justification by faith, for Jews and Gentiles. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. (18-32)1-7 The doctrine of which the apostle Paul wrote, set forth the fulfilment of the promises by the prophets. It spoke of the Son of God, even Jesus the Saviour, the promised Messiah, who came from David as to his human nature, but was also declared to be the Son of God, by the Divine power which raised him from the dead. The Christian profession does not consist in a notional knowledge or a bare assent, much less in perverse disputings, but in obedience. And all those, and those only, are brought to obedience of the faith, who are effectually called of Jesus Christ. Here is, 1. The privilege of Christians; they are beloved of God, and are members of that body which is beloved. 2. The duty of Christians; to be holy, hereunto are they called, called to be saints. These the apostle saluted, by wishing them grace to sanctify their souls, and peace to comfort their hearts, as springing from the free mercy of God, the reconciled Father of all believers, and coming to them through the Lord Jesus Christ. 8-15 We must show love for our friends, not only by praying for them, but by praising God for them. As in our purposes, so in our desires, we must remember to say, If the Lord will, #Jas 4:15|. Our journeys are made prosperous or otherwise, according to the will of God. We should readily impart to others what God has trusted to us, rejoicing to make others joyful, especially taking pleasure in communing with those who believe the same things with us. If redeemed by the blood, and converted by the grace of the Lord Jesus, we are altogether his; and for his sake we are debtors to all men, to do all the good we can. Such services are our duty. 16,17 In these verses the apostle opens the design of the whole epistle, in which he brings forward a charge of sinfulness against all flesh; declares the only method of deliverance from condemnation, by faith in the mercy of God, through Jesus Christ; and then builds upon it purity of heart, grateful obedience, and earnest desires to improve in all those Christian graces and tempers, which nothing but a lively faith in Christ can bring forth. God is a just and holy God, and we are guilty sinners. It is necessary that we have a righteousness to appear in before him: there is such a righteousness brought in by the Messiah, and made known in the gospel; a gracious method of acceptance, notwithstanding the guilt of our sins. It is the righteousness of Christ, who is God, coming from a satisfaction of infinite value. Faith is all in all, both in the beginning and progress of Christian life. It is not from faith to works, as if faith put us into a justified state, and then works kept us in it; but it is all along from faith to faith; it is faith pressing forward, and gaining the victory over unbelief. 18-25 The apostle begins to show that all mankind need the salvation of the gospel, because none could obtain the favour of God, or escape his wrath by their own works. For no man can plead that he has fulfilled all his obligations to God and to his neighbour; nor can any truly say that he has fully acted up to the light afforded him. The sinfulness of man is described as ungodliness against the laws of the first table, and unrighteousness against those of the second. The cause of that sinfulness is holding the truth in unrighteousness. All, more or less, do what they know to be wrong, and omit what they know to be right, so that the plea of ignorance cannot be allowed from any. Our Creator's invisible power and Godhead are so clearly shown in the works he has made, that even idolaters and wicked Gentiles are left without excuse. They foolishly followed idolatry; and rational creatures changed the worship of the glorious Creator, for that of brutes, reptiles, and senseless images. They wandered from God, till all traces of true religion must have been lost, had not the revelation of the gospel prevented it. For whatever may be pretended, as to the sufficiency of man's reason to discover Divine truth and moral obligation, or to govern the practice aright, facts cannot be denied. And these plainly show that men have dishonoured God by the most absurd idolatries and superstitions; and have degraded themselves by the vilest affections and most abominable deeds. 26-32 In the horrid depravity of the heathen, the truth of our Lord's words was shown: "Light was come into the world, but men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil; for he that doeth evil hateth the light." The truth was not to their taste. And we all know how soon a man will contrive, against the strongest evidence, to reason himself out of the belief of what he dislikes. But a man cannot be brought to greater slavery than to be given up to his own lusts. As the Gentiles did not like to keep God in their knowledge, they committed crimes wholly against reason and their own welfare. The nature of man, whether pagan or Christian, is still the same; and the charges of the apostle apply more or less to the state and character of men at all times, till they are brought to full submission to the faith of Christ, and renewed by Divine power. There never yet was a man, who had not reason to lament his strong corruptions, and his secret dislike to the will of God. Therefore this chapter is a call to self-examination, the end of which should be, a deep conviction of sin, and of the necessity of deliverance from a state of condemnation.


clint's comment on 10/10/2012, 1:39pm...

Corky, if you want to continue living in sin and unrighteousness you will face Godís wrath and anger. If you want to live a life of obedience and righteousness for God, you will find His unconditional love and mercy. So, the choice is yours!


randy's comment about verse 18 on 10/02/2012, 11:28pm...

One must read John 3 over and over \"men hates the light\" neither come to the light\" why? Because they love darkness, thereís none that seeketh after God, man has no desire for real truth, man doesn\'t want to give up his \"pleasure of sin\" men desire is towards sin and it\'s pleasure. Look at angels tell Lot to leave Sodom knowing its doom, the scriptures say \"he lingered\". Remember his wife looked back. A perfect picture of man when presented with gospel of grace, man will, lingered or look back. Before, Lot was in Sodom when he separated from Abraham. The scripture says he \"pitch his tent towards SodomĒ. Again manís heart loves the world and it\'s deceiving pleasures. Remember all scripture is given for doctrine, reproof and correction, but to whom? Not to sinner but to the man of God, so that he can walk upright. All scripture is given so that we look at those examples. Men \"knew Him not\" they think they know Him but their heart is far from Him.


Timothy Wayne George's comment on 9/09/2012, 8:20am...

Jesus warned as it was in the day of Noah, so shall it be when the Son of man returns. Violence filled the Earth in Noah\'s days, and we are witness to that today. Jesus also said as it was in the days of Lot, so shall it be when the Son of man returns. The built, the planted, and the married in lot\'s day. The main thing was sexual perversion with homosexuality. The Lord told us to remember Lot\'s wife. The Angels told Lot, and his wife not to look back. Lot\'s wife disobeyed the command, and turned into a pillar of salt. We must go forward in the Lord, and not look back. Everything that God has in store for us is ahead of us, and not backward. The Lord wants us to be holy in all our conversations, and our manor of life. As we live holy lives, God will advance the time when the Lord Jesus Christ returns to take His bride out of this world to the marriage supper of the Lamb in heaven. Let us not be ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God unto salvation. Warn those who are living contrary to the Word of God, and pull some from the fire. Go into the highways and the byways to preach the gospel to them. If they will not accept Jesus as their personal Savior, shake the dust off your feet, and it will be a witness against them in the day of judgment.


Delia's comment about verse 27 on 9/08/2012, 9:35am...

There is a reward for good and for evil. What is received is based upon what is put out. Good for good and evil for evil. The sad thing is that in our modern minds, it is okay to have unnatural affections for the same sex. It is now celebrated on our televisions.


Biodun Williams's comment on 9/07/2012, 6:03am...

This epistle of Paul the aspostle, is a great and distinct pointer to the eternal faithfulness of God; for it reveals the mannerism of God,with reference to His saving grace. If God can save, rescue , deliver, and also train and disciple Paul, then He can do it for whosoever craves and thirsts for His righteousness. It is really, a writing that also shows gratitudes to the person of Jesus Christ as the person that saved him- and sent him on this task of preaching the Gospe. Thus, Paul was not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ; for it is the power of God unto salvation for those who believes, for Jew first and also for the Greek, for in it, the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith, for it is written the just shall live, believe, and honour the Most High God through the God kind of faith- and that is only possible through Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Therefore, we are already justified, as Christians- however, there are terms and conditions ,in the Holy writ that we must put in place and honour, so that God can fulfill His part of the covenant. Thus, justification is only by faith- and that is highly significant. In other words, it is worthy of note( Romans 1;16,17) Hence,the things of the Holy Spirit are for whosoever believes.(John 3;16). Interestingly,God will not and does not impose Himself on any, and that is simply because He is a God of love. Therefore, what He says in the day of the Bible,is what He is saying to the Church today. The truth of this is that, this opening epistle, is such a great writing- therefore, to an extent it is meant to lay the foundation for the other. Also, like in all his writings, it reveals that grace and peace that comes from God through Jesus Christ are hidden on it. He of course did these, because of His dependency on the Holy Spirit. And hence, it reminds whosoever desires the things of God,and that also likes to be used for His glory to love and trust God because He is forever trustworthy. It also has warning against all forms of unrighteousness and that includes idolatary. It must be mentioned that Paul did a great job, in this Romans 1, even though it is full of substance meant for grown up Christian, yet someone who has just been born again,can read and learn from it, particularly, the plain truths of it and also with reflections upon reflections, the truths inherent in it would be revealed. And that is one of the beauties of the Holy Writ. It is infallible- and the immutability of the Divine God are there, punctuated with mercies, kindness, graces upon graces, and also peace like a river- however it is only for whosoever believes.Therefore there is the need to trust and honour the Holy Writ, for there is no other way to it but to chiefly trust and honour divine dictates.



Test Your Knowledge of Romans Chapter 1

1.  Paul wrote that the creation was made visible so that his power is understood and that there is no excuse?