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Esther Chapter 1

1 Now it took place in the days of Ahasuerus, the Ahasuerus who reigned from India to Ethiopia over 127 provinces,

2 in those days as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne which {was} at the citadel in Susa,

3 in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and attendants, the army {officers} of Persia and Media, the nobles and the princes of his provinces being in his presence.

4 And he displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days.

5 When these days were completed, the king gave a banquet lasting seven days for all the people who were present at the citadel in Susa, from the greatest to the least, in the court of the garden of the king's palace.

6 {There were hangings of} fine white and violet linen held by cords of fine purple linen on silver rings and marble columns, {and} couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and precious stones.

7 Drinks were served in golden vessels of various kinds, and the royal wine was plentiful according to the king's bounty.

8 The drinking was {done} according to the law, there was no compulsion, for so the king had given orders to each official of his household that he should do according to the desires of each person.

9 Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the palace which belonged to King Ahasuerus.

10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,

11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king with {her} royal crown in order to display her beauty to the people and the princes, for she was beautiful.

12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king became very angry and his wrath burned within him.

13 Then the king said to the wise men who understood the times--for it was the custom of the king so {to speak} before all who knew law and justice

14 and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had access to the king's presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom--

15 "According to law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti, because she did not obey the command of King Ahasuerus {delivered} by the eunuchs?"

16 In the presence of the king and the princes, Memucan said, "Queen Vashti has wronged not only the king but {also} all the princes and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus.

17 "For the queen's conduct will become known to all the women causing them to look with contempt on their husbands by saying, 'King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought in to his presence, but she did not come.'

18 "This day the ladies of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen's conduct will speak in {the same way} to all the king's princes, and there will be plenty of contempt and anger.

19 "If it pleases the king, let a royal edict be issued by him and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media so that it cannot be repealed, that Vashti may no longer come into the presence of King Ahasuerus, and let the king give her royal position to another who is more worthy than she.

20 "When the king's edict which he will make is heard throughout all his kingdom, great as it is, then all women will give honor to their husbands, great and small."

21 {This} word pleased the king and the princes, and the king did as Memucan proposed.

22 So he sent letters to all the king's provinces, to each province according to its script and to every people according to their language, that every man should be the master in his own house and the one who speaks in the language of his own people.

King James Bible



Matthew Henry's Bible commentary for Esther Chapter 1...

We find in this book, that even those Jews who were scattered in the province of the heathen, were taken care of, and were wonderfully preserved, when threatened with destruction. Though the name of God be not in this book, the finger of God is shown by minute events for the bringing about his people's deliverance. This history comes in between #Ezr 6; 7|. The royal feast of Ahasuerus. (1-9) Vashti's refusal to appear, The king's decree. (10-22) 1-9 The pride of Ahasuerus's heart rising with the grandeur of his kingdom, he made an extravagant feast. This was vain glory. Better is a dinner of herbs with quietness, than this banquet of wine, with all the noise and tumult that must have attended it. But except grace prevails in the heart, self-exaltation and self-indulgence, in one form or another, will be the ruling principle. Yet none did compel; so that if any drank to excess, it was their own fault. This caution of a heathen prince, even when he would show his generosity, may shame many called Christians, who, under pretence of sending the health round, send sin round, and death with it. There is a woe to them that do so; let them read it, and tremble, #Hab 2:15,16|. 10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly. Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiors should be careful not to command what may reasonably be disobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them. He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his own spirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king was served by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther to the crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before it had entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let us rejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness or folly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety and happiness of his people.


John Ocheme's comment on 10/05/2012, 3:53am...

If the king had submitted himself to God his subject, queen Vashti, would have done same. So husband, master, and all occupying leadership position should learn. Esther prepared herself for God\'s plan, so Christians learn!


Emily's comment on 10/01/2012, 10:11pm...

Queen Vashti has a problem with King Ahasuerus athority and as God has things planned for each of us, he has plans for Esther to fulfill Gods will because she was faithful. God has a purpose for all of His children.


magira chacha's comment on 7/18/2012, 5:07am...

God can see those things are not yet to come an prepare the escaping rout for his people, god needed to replce vashti from the king dom for ester to come to save the people of israel when the trouble come.


Clyde Julio Martin's comment on 6/29/2012, 5:22am...

She was and is a picture of God the King Of all Kings and the Church That He Gives us the right to come before Him in His Son Our Lord Jesus Christ


Rita O's comment on 6/25/2012, 6:04am...

Esther Chapter 1 is a divine arrangement God made for Esther to come in and save her people. Also Queen Vashti not obeying her husband the king who is under the influence of wine (alcohol) is heroic.



Test Your Knowledge of Esther Chapter 1

1.  In the book of Esther what was the name of the Queen that refused to be summoned by King Ahasuerus (Xerxes)?